Introduction: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an uncommon and aggressive cutaneous malignant tumor. It usually occurs in patients above the seventh decade of life, in chronically sun-exposed areas. Merkel cells are located in the basal layer of epidermis, are associated with the local mechanoreceptors, and have neuroendocrine function poorly understood. They integrate the neuroendocrine-imune-cutaneous system (N.I.C.S.). With new imunohistochemistry markers, there was an increase in the number of the cases reported. Nevertheless, the low incidence of this tumor difficult realization of studies with higher scientific level. The treatment of MCC comprehends surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, remaining in the literature discussion about the better treatment. The prognostic isn't good, being observed high levels of local recidives and metastatic disease, in linfonodes and distant sites. Objective: This paper has the objective of two case reports of MCC treated in our institution, including the literature review. Case reports: In both cases, the MCC wasn't the first clinical suspect, based on their appearance, being confirmed after incisional biopsy, which demonstraded neuroendocrine tumor. In the first case, the lesion was located in the anterior chest, the surgical treatment has been done and the radiotherapy was indicated; this treatment has not been done because the patient died four weeks after the surgery, for no related causes. In the second, the lesion was in the pre auricular location, the patient did not return to consult after the diagnosis.
Keywords: Carcinoma, Merkel cell. Neuroendocrine tumors. Carcinoma, neuroendocrine. Immunohistochemistry.